The hottest Internet of things has a direct impact

2022-08-23
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IOT has a direct impact on the informatization of manufacturing logistics

manufacturing logistics refers to the process of goods flow, information flow and capital movement generated by manufacturing enterprises due to a series of production and sales activities such as raw material procurement, product production, finished product storage, product transportation, product sales and after-sales service. It is a necessary support process to ensure the conversion of raw materials into finished products. According to the supply chain, it can be divided into supply logistics, production logistics, sales logistics, recycling logistics and waste logistics. It always runs through the whole process of manufacturing procurement, production and sales, supporting the efficient operation of the manufacturing industry

"IOT has become the third wave of the world's information industry after computers, Internet and mobile communications, and has been highly concerned by governments all over the world. In 2009, the United States put forward the concept of smart earth, the European Union put forward the IOT Europe action plan, Japan and South Korea put forward the i-japan and u-korea strategies respectively, and China put forward the perception of China plan. So far, IOT has been raised to the national strategic level, forming an emerging IOT industry, and IOT has become a new economic growth point

IOT, as the development direction of informatization, has a far-reaching impact on Informatization in multiple industries and fields. Manufacturing logistics informatization is the integration of manufacturing informatization and logistics informatization. The combination of material to improve its strength (especially fatigue strength) and wear resistance, corrosion resistance and other properties will undoubtedly have a direct impact on manufacturing logistics informatization

the connotation of manufacturing logistics and manufacturing logistics informatization

(I) manufacturing logistics

manufacturing logistics refers to the process of goods flow, information flow and capital movement caused by a series of production and sales activities such as raw material procurement, product production, finished product storage, product transportation, product sales and after-sales service, which is the necessary support process to ensure the conversion of raw materials into finished products. According to the supply chain, it can be divided into supply logistics, production logistics, sales logistics, recycling logistics and waste logistics. It always runs through the whole process of manufacturing procurement, production and sales, supporting the efficient operation of the manufacturing industry

(II) manufacturing logistics informatization

manufacturing logistics informatization can be understood from two levels. One is to realize the logistics informatization of manufacturing enterprises from the perspective of the reputation and quality of this electromechanical in the testing equipment within the manufacturing enterprise, apply logistics information technology to manufacturing logistics, and establish an integrated logistics management information system through the combination of information technology and manufacturing technology, The information system is used to control the logistics operation of manufacturing enterprises in all links of production, supply and sales, solve the problems of information collection, transmission and sharing within manufacturing enterprises, as well as the interconnection between independent information systems, and realize the informatization of business processes and the synchronous communication and sharing of information between departments. Second, from the perspective of supply chain, realize the logistics informatization of manufacturing supply chain, use network technology to connect the enterprise information system with the information systems of upstream and downstream enterprises, and connect with external social logistics and government supervision departments, so as to form a logistics information platform based on supply chain, and realize external resource sharing and information sharing

the development of logistics informatization in China's manufacturing industry

(I) logistics information technology is widely used in manufacturing enterprises

with the linkage development of manufacturing industry and logistics industry, the degree of logistics informatization in manufacturing enterprises continues to improve, and logistics information technology has been widely used in manufacturing industry

(II) ERP system and logistics simulation software have been widely used by manufacturing enterprises in the production of experimental machines in Jinan experimental machine factory for so many years

at present, the main way for manufacturing enterprises to realize informatization is to implement ERP system. ERP system is a management platform based on information technology, which provides enterprises with decision-making and operation means with systematic management ideas. In essence, it is a process of highly integrated management of material flow, capital flow and information flow by using information technology. It is the essence of integrated supply chain management. The ERP industry in China has developed rapidly, and the ERP market scale has increased year by year, from 3.78 billion yuan in 2008 to 7.09 billion yuan in 2011, with an increase of 188%. In the process of implementing ERP system, enterprises have improved the level of logistics informatization in manufacturing industry

logistics simulation software is mainly used in the field of manufacturing and supply chain management. The production logistics simulation system realizes the logistics balance, energy balance, capacity balance and time balance of production through repeated simulation process, so as to optimize the structure and function of the production system. Logistics simulation software needs to be combined with ERP system. At present, the main supporting technology to realize the comprehensive application of ERP system and logistics simulation software has become increasingly mature. Some large manufacturing enterprises have begun to comprehensively use ERP software and logistics simulation software to solve practical problems in manufacturing and logistics operation

problems in the development of logistics informatization in China's manufacturing industry

(I) the integration of information resources between manufacturing and logistics industry is relatively low

at present, most logistics enterprises and manufacturing enterprises have established their own information systems. However, the information resources of logistics enterprises and manufacturing enterprises are relatively independent, information systems cannot be well integrated, information resources cannot be effectively exchanged and shared, and there are serious information islands and information asymmetry. Logistics and manufacturing cannot form information linkage, which reduces the responsiveness of logistics to manufacturing services and restricts the linkage development of manufacturing and logistics

(II) the overall level of logistics informatization in manufacturing industry is low

from the perspective of manufacturing industry as a whole, the level of logistics informatization in manufacturing industry is still low. According to the survey data, 25% of China's large manufacturing enterprises use Kanban management for on-site logistics, 11% use JIT distribution, 44% use direct delivery of raw materials, 6% use lean logistics management, 13% use bar code information system, and 13% use enterprise integrated logistics system. The logistics informatization of most small and medium-sized enterprises is still in a blank state. This situation will seriously affect the integration of manufacturing resources

(III) the construction of logistics information platform in manufacturing industry is relatively slow

in the past two years, the construction of logistics information platform has been in full swing, but the logistics information platform is only limited to industries and regions, such as manufacturing industries with high logistics informatization, such as tobacco, steel, automobile, electronics, clothing, beverage and so on. However, there are few efficient and agile manufacturing logistics information platforms and supply chain integration platforms based on the supply chain and integrating upstream and downstream resources of the supply chain

(IV) the standardization level of manufacturing logistics information is low

the manufacturing logistics informatization standard is not unified with the logistics informatization standard. The level of the former is relatively low as a whole, such as the product coding standard, the logistics information data interaction standard between enterprises, the logistics information platform standard, etc. are not completely unified, and enterprises cannot obtain effective guidance from the government, industry associations and professional institutions in the process of standard selection and implementation. The lag of enterprise information standardization has affected the development process of manufacturing logistics informatization

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